Salvage yards provide important outlet that is used for recycling and reuse of automobiles and other metallic good’s materials. However, in the process of salvaging these materials, solid wastes are released into the environment. These wastes can be harmful or toxic to both human health and the environment. Therefore those who operate these salvage yards need to be aware of the best management practices they can put in place to control and reduce these effects. They should keep records of their waste management and recycling activities.
The salvage yard owners should possess knowledge to enable them manage these facilities in an environmentally friendly approach by which they will reduce potential effects to human health and also reduce the possible long-term environmental liabilities.
THE FOLLOWING MEASURES CAN BE PUT IN PLACE:
To reduce and control the amounts of liquid leakages and spillage. These liquids from cars and car parts cause a lot of water pollution. Managing such spills is a very effective practice that can help avoid high costs of cleanups at the facilities. These can be achieved through a number of ways including.
a) Always inspect cars brought the facilities for leaks.
b) Draining car fluids before subjecting them to the salvaging or crushing process.
c) Inspection of the facility’ fluid storage containers to ensure they do not leak.
d) Using well labelled containers to store fluids.
Waste handling (storage, disposal and recycling)
From the salvaging process, the following products need to be reused to avoid their releasing to the environment.
USED OIL PRODUCTS – They include, used oil, brake fluid, transmission fluid and greases among others. These used oils can be mixed and put in the single containers which should be labelled to contain used oil. These used oils may be burned to recover energy that can be used in space heater that are old oil-fired. They can also be recycled.
Oil filters. The filters should be hot drained, dismantled or crushed after which, the scrap metal should be recycled. The drained oil should also be recycled.
LEAD ACID BATTERIES – It is well known that lead is a toxic element to human health. Lead acid batteries should neither be drained nor broken. Once a car arrives at the salvage yard, the batteries should be removed and then stored away from rain or snow exposure. The operators of the yards should ensure that no lead is released to the environment.
CARS WITH MERCURY SWITCHES – The switches should therefore be removed and be properly stored awaiting recycling.
CAR FUEL – Fuel should immediately be removed immediately a car comes to the salvage yard. One should store diesel and gasoline fuels in different containers which should then be labelled.
LIGHT BALLASTS, CAPACITORS, FLUID FILLED DIELECTRIC TRANSFORMERS – They may contain cancerous PCBs. They must therefore be properly handled and disposed.
TIRES – Besides being a waste problem, tires may pile up and provide breeding sites for mosquitoes and other disease vectors. When they catch fire, they end up causing contamination of the atmosphere. Therefore, these tires should be recycled or properly disposed.
Car crushing should also be done at designated locations preferably above impermeable surfaces with storm water controls.
All house hold-type wastes should stored in a dumpster kept within the facility and later disposed in a permitted site